A Dynamic microphone can easily handle a higher volume to a large extent as compared to the condenser type. Next is the ribbon that makes the recording smooth and soft. Last but not least: an USB microphone, which can easily be plugged in a USB port of computers and laptops.
Recommended computer microphones
Recording audio that is “nearly” studio quality is possible. You can hook up a high quality condenser USB microphone to your computer through the USB Port or use a USB microphone that can interface with the iPad through its lightning cable. You get nearly professional studio quality but not absolute studio quality because microphones used in studios are terribly expensive with specifications and performance to match.
Emile Berner invented a computer microphone in 1877. It helps in recording voice or any other sound, which is saved on the computer as wav files. Computer microphones are high in demand as its use is increasing by the day. It helps in communicating with family, friends and business associates by doing voice conferences or voice chat. You don’t need any software to use these mics.
You can record audio discussions between speakers, prepare your podcast or record a speech or an instructional audio using these USB microphones or computer microphones and the sound will be crystal clear. These are but representative use; it is up to your imagination how you use these high quality USB microphones. They are affordable and give top class performance.
Directional capability of a computer microphone
Microphones, along with their housing or capsule, determine directivity. Microphones are also classified as omnidirectional, bidirectional, sub-cardioid, cardioid, hypercardioid and shotgun. These characteristics determine the directional sensitivity. A ribbon microphone will pick up sound from front and rear but will reject any noise from the sides, giving it a specific advantage in broadcasting.
If you can get a microphone that allows you to select the directional pattern, it is far better since you can cancel out ambient noises by picking the right direction pattern.
Advantages of USB computer microphone
The Blue Microphone Yeti and the Rode NT-USB – to name just two brands, use large 25 mm diaphragm condenser modules in their USB microphones. With a larger surface area, it is obvious it will be more sensitive than the tinier microphones.
These USB computer microphones are designed to have a flat frequency response from 20 Hz to 20 KHz. The significance of this comes into play if you are recording a band playing music. The flat frequency range means the microphone will convert the sound, regardless of frequency, into a normalized electrical output.
Higher dynamic range means it can record sound at a low volume and sound at a larger volume with equal ease, without distortion or “clipping”. This translates to greater clarity.
Larger diaphragms also make USB studio condenser microphones more sensitive. If you want quality recording go for 16 bit 44 Khz resolution.
Then there are minor things like the housing, the pop filter on top and the base, which should influence your buying decision. A good quality computer microphone will give top performance right out of the box.